On Independence Day UNESCO declares Israel has no connection to Jerusalem

If there remained any doubt of the anti-Israel bias of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), today that doubt has been dispelled in the passing of the “resolution on Occupied Palestine“.

UNESCO voted today (Tuesday May 2 2017), on Israel Independence Day (Yom HaAtzmaut) – the holiday commemorating 69 years since the re-birth of the state of Israel, to pass a resolution declaring that Israel has no legal or historical right to any part of Jerusalem. It also declares that the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron, where the Jewish Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are buried are “Palestinian sites”, as is Rachel’s Tomb near Bethlehem.

The resolution on “Occupied Palestine” was submitted to UNESCO by Algeria, Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Qatar and Sudan and refers to Israel throughout the document as the “occupying power” in Jerusalem – and by doing so, indicates that Israel has no historical connection or right to any part of Jerusalem.

In passing this resolution, UNESCO ignores the archaeological evidence that the First Temple (Solomon’s Temple) stood on the Temple Mount  from when it was completed in 827 BCE until it was destroyed by the Babylonians 470 years later. It also ignores the archaeological evidence that the Second Temple, constructed under Zerubbabel and that was completed in 349 BCE  stood on the Temple Mount until it was destroyed in 70 CE by the Romans.

UNESCO’s resolution ignores the fact that the first time an Arab government ruled in that region was in the sixth century CE700 years after the (Jewish) Hasmonean Dynasty ruled. Putting Israel’s ties to the Temple Mount into context, the Jewish people built the First Temple on the Temple Mount almost 1500 years before the Arabs first arrived in Jerusalem!

Despite these facts, today 22 countries voted in favour of the “Occupied Palestine” resolution – denying Israel’s historical connection to Jerusalem, 23 countries abstained and only 10 countries stood on the side of objective, historical archaeological evidence; the US, UK, Italy, the Netherlands, Lithuania, Greece, Paraguay, Ukraine, Togo, and Germany.

What “educational” or “scientific” facts did the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) uphold in passing this resolution?

 

Paris Peace Summit – responding to the draft summary

INTRODUCTION: This coming Sunday, January 15 2017 representatives from 70 Nations will gather in Paris, France for the ironically named Paris Peace Summit – with the sole purpose of implementing their vision for a “two-state solution”.  Neither Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu nor Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas will be present at the meeting. Haaretz news, a left-wing news outlet obtained and published (Barak Ravid Jan 09, 2017 7:40 PM) a draft summary statement for this conference and the full text appears below this article.

[Special acknowledgement to israellycool.com for highlighting Haaretz’s publication of the draft summary.]

Paris Peace Summit – highlights from the draft summary

Here are some key highlights from that summary;

1. a negotiated solution with two states, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security

2. a negotiated two-state outcome should end the occupation that began in 1967

3. call on Israeli and Palestinian leaders to publicly renew their commitment to the two state solution

4. call on Israeli and Palestinian leaders to disavow official voices on their side that reject the two state solution

5. the 70 nations gathered in Paris will not recognize any future changes to the 4 June 1967 lines other than those agreed by the parties through negotiations

6. welcome the adoption of United Nations Security Council resolution 2334 of the 23 December 2016, which condemned ‘settlement activity’, and which declared that all of Jerusalem is ‘occupied territory’ (i.e. the Western Wall (Kotel), the Temple Mount do not belong to Israel)

7. welcome the adoption of United Nations Security Council resolution 2334 of the 23 December 2016, which declared that the “West Bank” (Judea and Samaria) is ‘occupied territory’

8. for both sides to comply with international humanitarian law and international human rights law

Text and Terms – a closer examination

Let’s look at each of the above terms individually; 

RE: 1. “a negotiated solution with two states, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security”

Israel wants to exist as a Jewish state and to live in peace. The problem, however, is that Palestinians and many other Muslim and Arab nations do not recognize the right of the Jewish state of Israel to exist.

To have two states, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security” will require;

(a) the Palestinians, Arab and Muslim nations to formally recognize the right of the Jewish state of Israel to exist, which they have refused to do up until this point.

(b) the Palestinians and Arab states to renounced the three “No’s” of the Kartoum conference of 1967 — no recognition, no peace and no negotiations.


Re: 2. a negotiated two-state outcome should end the occupation that began in 1967

There is no “Israeli occupation”.

During the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel re-took control of its own land (East Jerusalem, Judea and Samaria on the “west bank” of the Jordan River) that Jordan had taken by force in 1948 after the creation of the state of Israel, later illegally annexing it in 1950.

Since 1967, the international community has referred to this land as “disputed territory” and Israelis as ‘occupiers’ and ‘settlers’ of their own land.

The only “occupation” that took place was from 1948 until 1967 when Jordan occupied Judea and Samaria and East Jerusalem.


Re: 3. call on Israeli and Palestinian leaders to publicly renew their commitment to the two state solution

‘Palestinian’ leaders can’t “renew” their commitment to a two state solution as they and many other Muslim and Arab nations do not even recognize the right of the Jewish state of Israel to exist.

The concept of a two-state solution is often proposed as a means to resolve the ongoing tensions between Israel and the ‘Palestinians’, however few people are aware that there have already been two “two-state solutions“.

The first two-state solution was when the Arab-Palestinian state of Transjordan (later renamed Jordan) allocated 75% of the land that was to be part of the reconstituted homeland for the Jewish people to the Arabs, and excluded it from Jewish settlement – leaving only 25% for a Jewish homeland.  Jordan is Arab Palestine.

The second two-state solution was created under UN Resolution 181 in November 1947 – where the remaining 25% of the land of the former British Mandate for Palestine was partitioned into two states (again) — with 43% of the land set aside by the British for the Jewish homeland being given to this second Arab state under the Partition Plan – which Israel accepted in exchange for peace with the Arabs, but the Arabs rejected.


Re: 4. call on Israeli and Palestinian leaders to disavow official voices on their side that reject the two state solution

If ‘Palestinian’ leaders renounce their officials that do not support a two-state solution, they would have no leadership.

The Arabs that live in this area have never wanted to live in peace with the Jews – but rather to live in peace without Jews.

When Trans Jordan (renamed Jordan) was created from 3/4 of the land under the British Mandate for Palestine, it was excluded from Jewish settlement.

When the State of Israel was created from the remaining 1/4 of the land, the very next day the armies of all of the neighboring Arab states of Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Trans-Jordan (now Jordan) and Egypt attacked the newly-created State of Israel, in an attempt to destroy it.


Re: 5. the 70 nations gathered in Paris will not recognize any future changes to the 4 June 1967 lines other than those agreed by the parties through negotiations

Just to be clear, there is no such thing as “pre-1967 borders”. The Green Line running through the “West Bank” is the 1949 Armistice Line, and this line was never intended to be a border;

(a) According to the 1949 Armistice Agreement between Israel and Jordan, the Armistice Line “did not compromise any future territorial claims of the two parties” since it had been “dictated by exclusively by military considerations.

(b) UN Security Council’s Resolution 242 which was passed 5 months after the Six-Day War recognizes that the 1949 Armistice line was not supposed to designate final Israeli borders.

Both the UN Security Council’s Resolution 2334 of December 23, 2016 (which called for Israel to stop building communities outside the 1949 Armistice Lines) and the text of the upcoming Paris Conference, contradict UN Security Council Resolution 242 as well as the Israel-Jordan Armistice Agreement. 


Re: 6. welcome the adoption of United Nations Security Council resolution 2334 of the 23 December 2016, which condemned ‘settlement activity’, and which declared that all of Jerusalem is ‘occupied territory’ (i.e. the Western Wall, the Temple Mount do not belong to Israel)

Re: Jerusalem being “occupied territory”:

The only time Jerusalem was “occupied territory” was from the end of the War of Independence in 1948 until 1967, when Jordan occupied it – after having seized it by force.

Jordan’s decision to join the Arab allegiance with Egypt and Syria to destroy Israel, despite a request from Israel that they do not, ended by Israel taking control of its own land that Jordan had occupied in 1948 and illegally annexed in 1950— specifically East Jerusalem and the land on the “west bank” of the Jordan River, Judea and Samaria — freeing it from illegal occupation by Jordan.

Re: The Temple Mount belonging to the Jews and the Jewish state of Israel:

Under the Temple Mount are the remains of two Jewish Temples;

Solomon’s Temple stood on the Temple Mount from 827 BCE until it was destroyed by the Babylonians 470 years later.

The Second Temple stood on the Temple Mount from 349 BCE until it was destroyed in 70 CE by the Romans. The Western Wall (the Kotel) is the remains of the wall of the Second Temple.

Throughout history, different people including the Arabs, Persians and Christians captured Jerusalem – just as Jordan did in 1967, but Jerusalem from its foundation is Jewish, as is the Temple Mount.

Jerusalem has been the capital of the Jewish people since ~1000 BCE.

Archaeologists at the summit of the City of David have unearthed what is believed to be the palace of King David (who ruled from ~1005 to 965 BCE).

More information on the ancient and modern history of Jerusalem:  

http://www.morehasbara.com/2016/12/27/jerusalem-modern-and-historic-capital-of-the-jewish-people/

Re: 7. welcome the adoption of United Nations Security Council resolution 2334 of the 23 December 2016, which declared that the “West Bank” (Judea and Samaria) is ‘occupied territory’

The very term “Jew” is derived from the region from which they originated, Judea – on the “west bank” of the Jordan River.

Hebron, on the “west bank” of the Jordan River is where the Jewish Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are buried and where the Jewish Matriarchs, the wives of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob – Sarah, Rebecca and Leah are buried. Hebron is where David was first crowned King of Israel.

Christians should be outraged the UN seeks to declare Bethlehem, the birthplace of the one they call “King of the Jews” as not being from the land of the Jews.


Re: 8. for both sides to comply with international humanitarian law and international human rights law

Israel has been accused by the UN of not adhering to the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 — a statute which outlines the obligations of an “occupying power” in times of war.

The Fourth Geneva Convention cannot be applied to Israel as it cannot be an “occupying power” in its own land — land it reclaimed from illegal annexation by Jordan.

The only “occupying power” in East Jerusalem and in Judea and Samaria was Jordan, from the years 1948 – 1967.

Final thoughts…

UN Security Council Resolution 2334 of December 23, 2016 declared, among other things that the Kotel, the Western Wall of the Jewish Temple and all of Jerusalem, the capital of Israel are “illegally occupied Palestinian territory”.  This did not make it so. Neither will the Paris Conference.

If the 70 Nations gathering on January 15 2017 in Paris were to declare that the Great Wall of China wasn’t Chinese, would that make it so? Neither will their declarations concerning Jerusalem, the Temple Mount or Judea and Samaria.


Draft Summary Statement –  Paris Peace Summit 

[credit: Haaretz news | Barak Ravid | Jan 09, 2017 7:40 PM]

I) Following the Ministerial meeting held in Paris on 3 June 2016, the Participants met in Paris on 15 January 2017 to reaffirm their support for a just, lasting and comprehensive resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. They reaffirmed that a negotiated solution with two states, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security, is the only way to achieve enduring peace.

They emphasized the importance for the parties to restate their commitment to this solution, to take urgent steps in order to reverse the current negative trends on the ground and to start meaningful direct negotiations.

They reiterated that a negotiated two-state outcome should [meet Israeli security needs and the rights of Palestinians to statehood and sovereignty, end the occupation that began in 1967], and resolve all permanent status issues on the basis of United Nations Security Council resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 1397 (2002), 1515 (2003), 1850 (2008), the Madrid principles (1991) and the Quartet Roadmap (2003). They also underscored the Arab Peace Initiative as a vision for a comprehensive resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict, thus contributing to regional peace and security. They welcomed the adoption of United Nations Security Council resolution 2334 on 23 December 2016, which clearly condemned settlement activity, incitement and violence, and called both sides to take steps to advance the two-state solution on the ground.

They took note of the report of the Quartet of 1 July 2016 and its recommendations for both sides to take concrete steps to preserve the two-state solution and to create the conditions for final status negotiations.

They noted with particular interest United States Secretary of State’s remarks on 28 December 2016, in which he stressed that no solution could be imposed and outlined his vision of principles for a final status agreement.

They further emphasized the importance for both sides of complying with international humanitarian law and international human rights law, including accountability.

II) The Participants highlighted the potential for security, stability and prosperity for both parties that could result from a peace agreement. They expressed their readiness to exert necessary efforts toward the achievement of the two-state solution and to contribute substantially to arrangements for ensuring the sustainability of a negotiated peace agreement, in particular in the areas of economic incentives, the consolidation of Palestinian state capacities, and civil society dialogue. Those could include, inter alia:

  • a European special privileged partnership; other economic incentives and increased private sector involvement; support to further efforts by the parties to streamline economic cooperation;
  • concrete support to the implementation of the Palestinian Statehood Strategy, including further meetings between international partners and the Palestinian side to that effect;
  • convening Israeli and Palestinian civil society fora, and rekindling the public debate.

They called for these different strands of work to be pursued diligently.

III) Looking ahead, the Participants:

  • expect both sides to restate their commitment to the two-state solution, and to disavow official voices on their side that reject this solution;
  • call on each side to independently demonstrate, through policies and actions, a genuine commitment to the two-state solution and refrain from unilateral steps that prejudge the outcome of final status negotiations, in order to rebuild trust and create a path back to meaningful direct negotiations, in line with the recommendations of the Quartet report of 1 July 2016;
  • restate the validity of the Arab Peace Initiative and highlight its potential for stability in the region;
  • reaffirm that they will not recognize any changes to the 4 June 1967 lines, including with regard to Jerusalem, other than those agreed by the parties through negotiations; also reaffirm that they will distinguish, in their relevant dealings, between the territory of the State of Israel and the territories occupied since 1967;
  • welcome the prospect of closer cooperation between the Quartet and Arab League members to further the objectives of this Declaration and enhance, if necessary, existing mechanisms;
  • welcome the readiness of interested Participants to review progress and further the set of incentives; their findings could be conveyed to the United Nations for the reporting under 0P12 of UNSCR 2334.

France will inform the parties about the international community’s collective support and concrete contribution to the two-State solution contained in this joint declaration.

The Map of Israel’s Fires

no-active-fires-27-11-2006-israel-national-news

UPDATE (November 27 2016, 10:44 PM, Israel time):

According to a report in the Israeli National News, Arutz Sheva, firefighters have extinguished the blazes that have ravaged Israel over the past five days – causing close to 100,000 Israelis to flee their homes.

Approximately 700 homes were damaged or destroyed as the flames were fed by high winds.

“There are no active sites left. Since last night (Saturday) it’s pretty calm. We have no new activity.”

– Yoram Levy, fire and rescue service spokesman

Levy said firefighters dealt with about 2,000 fires across Israel, 20 of them major. He noted forces were still “on high alert” because of dry conditions and high winds not expected to change before rain expected on Wednesday.

Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman said Sunday that 17 of 110 fires in Judea and Samaria were so far determined to have been arson and Israeli authorities suspect some of the worst blazes were set deliberately Arab arsonists looking to kill civilians.


capture_2016-11-27-12-24-422A video has surfaced reportedly showing Arabs in the Palestinian Authority holding torches and dancing to celebrate the success of new arson terror attacks against Israel — most of which were started by terrorists.


November 24 2016

There are several maps being circulated on social media showing the locations of the current fires in Israel, however by clearly marking Judea and Samaria (the “West Bank”) and Gaza on such a map, it becomes abundantly clear where the fires are burning, and where they are not. Updating the map daily, with a different colour for each day is also quite revealing.

The map below was updated November 27 2:45 AM, Israel time.

israel-burning-map-27-11-2006-2_45am-updated
Updated November 27, 2016 2: 45 AM Israel time
To the west of Israel is Mediterranean Sea. 

The dark blue area in the east is Judea and Samaria (referred to in the press as the "West Bank", as it is on the west bank of the Jordan river).  

The green area in the south-west is the Gaza Strip.

bbc-wildfires-in-israel

These are notwildfires” as much of the international media has been reporting.  Such terms infer they are a result of the dry weather.

Yes, they have been made worse by the dry weather, but these fires have been deliberately set, which makes them arson. Some have called it pyro-terrorism.

We’ve come to expect biased headlines like these…

capture_2016-11-26-20-09-352

… but 3 days after it became clear these were not “wildfires” and that the vast majority of them were in Israel, the Guardian posts this:

capture_2016-11-26-19-47-042

Seriously?

A closer look at the location of the fires in the so-called “occupied West Bank” (i.e. Judea and Samaria) are in what “Palestinians” consider Israeli “settlements”.

These are not random, and wildfires are random. These are not “wildfires”.

gas-canisters-with-detonators-israel-24_11_2016Incendiary devices made with gas canisters and detonators have been found in Israeli forests tied to trees, approximately 5-6 meters apart.

As you can see from the map above, Lachish Forest in the South and Segev Forest in the North are on fire – a result of arson.

“Arson fire caused by incendiary or sedition is terrorism for all intents and purposes.”

Benjamin Netanyahu

Significance of these Fires

These fires being deliberately set by those calling themselves “Palestinians” stands as irrefutable evidence that the Land is not, and never was theirs.

People don’t set fire to their homeland.

The “Palestinians” do not consider this land as their own.

They just don’t want Jews living on it.

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Powerful Silent Response to Antisemitism in America – in photos

“a picture speaks a thousand words”… so let these pictures “speak”

These photos are from a powerful 2 minute video posted by Rudy Rochman (link below). They tell a story – a very powerful story.  The story is of the choice people like you and I now face – and will increasingly face in the days ahead: the choice between apathy or taking a stand. 

Be inspired.


Antisemitism is real and very much alive.

 

antisemitism-defn-for-featured-photo

 

Not only in Europe, but in America.

 

the-hater-columbia-u

 

On October 6, 2016, a man came to Columbia University in New York City where he harassed, insulted and spread antisemitic lies – calling Jews “Christ-killers” and praising Hitler.

 

your-okay-with-this-christ-killer

heil-hitler

 

Some students supported the man…

some-students-supported

 

 

 

 

 

Others walked by and ignored him.

 


[pause]

Perhaps your reaction right now is:

So, it’s just one guy.

Perhaps like many others, you’d just walk by and do nothing

Consider another option.

[unpause]

 


 

Watch “just one guysilently take a stand.

 

one-student-silently-takes-a-stand

 

…then watch another person silently join him.

Two people now taking a stand.

 

another-person-stands-up

 

…then more people joined them.

 

then-more-stand-up


The time for apathy has passed

 

Apathy resulted in 6 million Jews being murdered during the Holocaust. 

 

Yet, even then there were people like Corrie Ten Boom and Dietrich Bonhoeffer that would not – could not remain silent and do nothing.

 

bonhoeffer-on-silence-to-evil

 

What about now?

What about you?

stand-up-against-anti-semitism

 

Please consider sharing this link and the link to the video to raise awareness of the dramatic increase in antisemitism here and around the world.

 


Here is the link to the original video, posted by Rudy Rochman:

 

 

The (((Echo))) – Identifying and Targeting Jews Online

 

In the early days of social media such as mIRC, putting someone’s name in three sets of parentheses meant you were giving them a ‘virtual hug’, but over the last few years on Twitter and Reddit, the use of three sets of parentheses around a user’s surname, called an “echo”identifies them as a Jew and targets them for harassment by Neo-Nazis, white supremacists and other ‘alt-right’ individuals.

An “echo” looks as follows, but in place of “jew”, it has the user’s name;

jew - 3 brackets - rectangular

(((Echo))) – the Electronic Yellow Star of David

Jude star badge

Beginning in 1939, the Nazis forced Jews to wear identifying badges (such as the one that appears on the left) to isolate and dehumanize them.

While the design of the badge varied from region to region, its purpose was the same as the (((echo))); to mark Jews as different and inferior to everyone else and facilitate the separation of Jews from the society, as a whole.

The (((echo))) is the electronic equivalent.

jew - 3 brackets with yellow star 350 x 350

The (((Echo))) Exposed

Thursday, June 2, 2016, the technology section of online news outlet .Mic published a story titled “Coincidence Detector”: The Google Chrome Extension White Supremacists Use to Track Jews” which documented that an app extension called “Coincidence Detector” (available at the time in the Google Play Store) placed three sets of parentheses called an “echo” around user’s surnames, identifying them as Jews or others who are perceived as “anti-white”;

A Google Chrome plugin with the seemingly innocent name of “Coincidence Detector” has one sole purpose: compiling and exposing the identities of Jews and others who are perceived as “anti-white.”

Drawing from a user-generated list of Jewish names, the extension works in the background while users browse the web and encases the names in three sets of parentheses — for example, (((Fleishman))) — on web pages.

White supremacists have begun using the construction, called an “(((echo))),” to single out Jewish figures in media and entertainment for harassment online, particularly on Twitter.

A screenshot of the app extension as available in the Google Play Store June 3 2016 and published in the .Mic article, indicates that the app was last updated on January 19, 2016, so was available for some time;

Coincidence Detector - Google Store

According to .Mic, it was uploaded to the Google Play Store by altrightmedia which it described as a “fringe conservative movement” and was promoted to “help you detect total coincidences about who has been involved in certain political movements and media empires“;

“White supremacists believe Jewish involvement in politics, media and entertainment is part of an enormous conspiracy.

The echo is intended to call attention to Jewish people’s supposedly corrosive effect on white society throughout Western history.” 

As of Thursday, June 3, 2016, when the screenshot was taken, Coincidence Detector had 2,473 registered users, a 5 out of 5 star rating and most concerning; a database which consisted of 8,768 names of Jews and other “anti-whites” which was being regularly updated;

“With the click of a button, users are able to refresh Coincidence Detector to make sure their list of known Jews and other ‘anti-whites’ reflects the most recent additions to the database.”

[https://mic.com/articles/145105/coincidence-detector-the-google-extension-white-supremacists-use-to-track-jews#.cHifQrQz4]

Friday, June 3, 2016, one day after the .Mic article, Google pulled the extension for violating its hate speech policy, as its Terms and Conditions for apps explicitly prohibit “promotions of hate or incitement of violence, however the database with the 8,768 names of Jews and other “anti-whites” still exists and is in the hands of the creators of the app.

Use of the (((Echo))) is Not New

According to an earlier article from .Mic from June 1 2016 titled “((Echoes))) Exposed: The Secret Symbol Neo-Nazis Use to Target Jews Online”, the origins of the “echo” can be traced “at least as far back as 2014“;

“The origins of the symbol (((  ))) can be traced to a hardcore, right-wing podcast called The Daily Shoah in 2014. It’s known as an “echo” in the anti-Semitic corners of the alt-right — a new, young, amorphous conservative movement that comprises trolls fluent in internet culture, free speech activists warring against political correctness and earnest white nationalists. Some use the symbol to mock Jews; others seek to expose supposed Jewish collusion in controlling media or politics. All use it to put a target on their heads.”

Origins of the (((Echo)))

According to the June 1 2016 .Mic article, the origins of (((echoes))) comes from the right-wing blog called the ‘Right Stuff’ and whose podcast ‘The Daily Shoah’ (“Shoah” meaning Holocaust) featured a segment called ‘Merchant Minute’ that gave Jewish names a cartoonish “echo” sound effect when uttered.

“In Right Stuff propaganda, you’ll often read that Jewish names ‘echo.’ According to the blog’s lexicon page “all Jewish surnames echo throughout history.” In other words, the supposed damage caused by Jewish people reverberates from decade to decade.”

[https://mic.com/articles/144228/echoes-exposed-the-secret-symbol-neo-nazis-use-to-target-jews-online]

When the (((Echo))) Was First Noticed

Use of the “echo” was noticed by some prominent journalists with recognizable Jewish names on Twitter in November 2015.

Jeffrey Goldbergnational correspondent with The Atlantic first noticed three parentheses around his name in November 2015 and Max Fisher of the New York Times noticed the same thing;

Jeffrey Goldberg - twitter 16 Nov 2015


A white supremacist explained to Jeffrey Goldberg on Twitter

It’s closed captioning for the Jew-blind


EricStriker - closed captioning for the Jew-blind

Yair Rosenberg, a senior writer at Tablet Magazine was quoted in a June 3 2016 article in Motherboard, published by Vice News and titled “Jews are Taking Back Echoes from the Neo-Nazis” that the echo has been used for years on Reddit posts, ‘alt-right’ blogs, and on Twitter;

“Rosenberg has known for years that those parentheses are a secret code used by neo-Nazis to call out that Rosenberg is Jewish—a signal that he’s being watched or at least noticed by people who hate him.

They want Jews to know they’re going after them,” Rosenberg told me. “It’s a signal to Jews and it’s a signal to people in their own group. It’s not that they want it to be a secret, but they don’t want to explain it to people. It’s a wink and a nod to other neo-Nazis and to Jews.”

Rosenberg says the parentheses show up in seemingly innocuous Reddit posts, on alt-right blogs, in emails from readers, and all the time in his Twitter mentions.”

[http://motherboard.vice.com/read/jews-are-taking-back-echoes-from-the-neo-nazis]

Targeting Jews Using the (((Echo)))

Jonathan Weisman, editor in the Washington bureau of The New York Times wrote about being targeted online by Neo-Nazi’s using “the echo” in a story published in the Sunday Review on May 26, 2016, titled “The Nazi Tweets of ‘Trump God Emperor“;

The first tweet arrived as cryptic code, a signal to the army of the “alt-right” that I barely knew existed: “Hello ((Weisman)).”

“Care to explain?” I answered, intuiting that my last name in brackets denoted my Jewish faith.

“What, ho, the vaunted Ashkenazi intelligence, hahaha!” CyberTrump came back. “It’s a dog whistle, fool. Belling the cat for my fellow goyim.

“The anti-Semitic hate, much of it from self-identified Donald J. Trump supporters hasn’t stopped sinceHolocaust taunts, like a path of dollar bills leading into an oven, were followed by Holocaust denial. The Jew as leftist puppet master …was joined by the Jew as conservative fifth columnist, orchestrating war for Israel…”

“The imaginings by my tormentors of me as an Orthodox Jew in wide-brimmed hat and Hasidic garb were, of course, laughable. The truth is, I have become largely disconnected from Jewish life and faith over the years, and like many American Jews I have been lulled into complacency.”

Just weeks later, I found myself staring down a social-media timeline filled with the raw hate and anti-Semitic tropes that for centuries fueled expulsion, persecution, pogroms and finally genocide. I retweeted the choicest attacks for all to see, and with each retweet, more attacks followed, their authors gleefully seeking the exposure. Some people criticized me for offering it, but I argued, perhaps wrongly, that such hate needed airing.”

“An official at Twitter encouraged me to block the anti-Semites and report them to Twitter, but I have chosen to preserve my Twitter timeline as a research tool of sorts, a database of hate, and a shrine to 2016.

The only response I blocked and forwarded to Twitter was a photo of my disembodied head held aloft, long Orthodox hair locks called payot photoshopped on my sideburns and a skullcap placed as a crown. I let stand the image of a smiling Mr. Trump in Nazi uniform flicking the switch on a gas chamber containing my Photoshopped face.”

[http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/29/opinion/sunday/the-nazi-tweets-of-trump-god-emperor.html]

Reclaiming the (((Echo)))

After the initial report of the app in the June 3 2016 .Mic article, well-known Jewish users on Twitter began putting parentheses around their own names, as a way of reclaiming the echo.

According to Motherboard, published by Vice News’ June 3 2016 article, titled “Jews Are Taking Back (((Echoes))) From the Neo-Nazis“;

Thursday evening, Rosenberg and other prominent Jewish writers started taking back that signal in an effort to raise awareness about what neo-Nazis are doing, to declare publicly that they are indeed Jewish… Rosenberg’s Twitter name is now (((Yair Rosenberg))); Atlantic national correspondent Jeffrey Goldberg’s name is now (((Goldberg))); Foreign Policy fellow Jamie Kirchick is (((Jamie Kirchick))) and so on.

After Rosenberg and Goldberg tweeted about changing their names, dozens of other people on Twitter followed suit. Now, a lot of non-Jews have started adding parentheses around their names as an act of solidarity (and to confuse and mock Neo-Nazis).

[http://motherboard.vice.com/read/jews-are-taking-back-echoes-from-the-neo-nazis?]

 Final Thoughts

Jews are being singled out and identified and targeted online by Neo-Nazis, white supremacists and other ‘alt-right’ individuals.

The (((echo))) is the electronic equivalent to the yellow badges Jews were forced to wear by the Nazis and its purpose is the same; to mark Jews as different and inferior to everyone else and facilitate the separation of Jews from the society.

Google deleted the app, however the database still exists.

Just  75 years ago, the world was silent as 6 million Jews were singled out, separated and exterminated. The very existence of the (((echo))) indicates that Jews can no longer afford to be complacent. 

Antisemitism is not a thing of the past. Jew-hatred is alive and well in America and in many places in Europe.

The question is, will you remain silent?

 

 

Nazi Influence in the Middle East – Haj Amin al-Husseini

Introduction: A US National Archives report released in 2010 titled “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War” documents Nazi influence in the Middle East.  This report is an addendum to a 2004 US government report, “US Intelligence and the Nazis”  and both are based on thousands of documents declassified under the 1998 Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act. Of significance, this report supports the significant role that Haj Amin al-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem played in WWII as well as the documenting the link between Adbel Nasser, the second President of Egypt and the Nazis.

In this article we trace Haj Amin al-Husseini from his role in the British Mandate for Palestine between WWI and WWII, through his meeting with Adolf Hitler where he secured the Fuhrer’s promise for “Arab liberation” and the”destruction of the Jewish element residing in the Arab sphere to his close relationship with Heinrich Himmler, the architect of the Nazi concentration camps, to his role immediately after the war in the politics of the Middle East, specifically Egypt.

Haj Amin al-Husseini – Grand Mufti of Jerusalem
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Haj Amin al-Husseini also known as Mohammed (Effendi) Amin al-Husseini was appointed Grand Mufti of Jerusalem in 1921 by the British under the Mandate for Palestine.  The role of the position of Grand Mufti was as the supreme Muslim religious leader. He used the position to promote Islam, push for Arab independence and oppose the establishment of a Jewish national home in the British Mandate for Palestine.

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al-Husseini-president-World-Islamic-Congress-1931

In his determination for Arab independence, al-Husseini incited his followers to a three-year war against the Jews in Palestine and the British who administered the Palestine Mandate, which is known as the 1936-39 Arab Revolt. The British published the Peel Report in 1937 recommending the partition of Palestine between Jews and Arabs, however the Arabs rejected the Peel plan and escalated their revolt. Evading a British arrest warrant, al-Husseini fled British Palestine and took refuge in the French Mandate of Lebanon. When World War II started, the Mufti was asked to leave Lebanon and first went to the British Mandate of Iraq, escaped via Tehran to Italy and eventually ended up in Berlin, where he lived until the end of the war.

Once in Berlin, the Mufti received an enthusiastic reception by the “Islamische Zentralinstitut” and the whole Islamic community of Germany, which welcomed him as the “Führer of the Arabic world“.

The Mufti and Hitler
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Grand Mufti al-Husseini meeting Adolf Hitler November, 28 1941, Berlin

On meeting Adolf Hitler on November 28, 1941 in Berlin,  the Grand Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini requested backing for Arab independence and support in opposing the establishment of a Jewish national home in the British Mandate for Palestine, however al-Husseini got much more than he sought.

[actual German archive documents of the meeting between the Mufti and the Fuhrer, as well as the transcript in previous post]

Adolf Hitler himself told al-Husseini of his intention to eliminate the Jews of British Palestine in their November 28, 1941 meeting in Berlin.  In that meeting,  Hitler said that the outcome of the war in Europe Nazis and the Middle East would also decide the fate of the Arab world. Hitler told al-Husseini that German troops intended to break through the Caucasus region and move into the Middle East and that this would result in the liberation of the Arabs there. Hitler said that Germany’s objective was the destruction of the Jews.

Archived documents on German Foreign policy (posted in the earlier article, link above) document Adolf Hitler promising the Grand Mufti:
(1) “Arab liberation
(2) “destruction of the Jewish element residing in the Arab sphere under the protection of British power”
(3) letting the Grand Mufti become theauthoritative spokesman for the Arab worldwhere he wouldset off the Arab operations, which he had secretly prepared“.

[Editorial note: It would appear that his desire for “Arab liberation” and the “destruction of the Jewish element residing in the Arab sphere” made Adolf Hitler the first advocate for the “Free Palestine” movement.  Wait until you read below who joined Hitler and al-Husseini (the Grand Mufti) in the 1950’s! Hint: he became President of Egypt.]

Hitler’s third promise to al-Husseini was that he was to become the “authoritative spokesman for the Arab world” is supported by a recently released US National Archives report titled “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War” (an addendum to a 2004 US government report, “US Intelligence and the Nazis“). This report is based on thousands of documents declassified under the 1998 Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act. This report supports that the Nazis planned for al-Husseini to serve as leader after Nazi conquest. More on that below.


Note: The balance of this article is based on this newly released US National Archives report titled “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”. Photos were added by us, to support the text. We have included the references cited in the report throughout the rest of the article to support that this is far from conjecture.


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Nazi Financial Support of the Mufti

 

The report documents that after the war, Carl Berthold Franz Rekowski, an official of the German Foreign Office who had dealt with Husseini, testified that the Foreign Office financially supported the two Arab leaders (Husseini and an Iraqi named Gailani), their families, and other Arabs in their entourage who had fled to Germany after the coup. The report documents that al-Husseini lived in a villa in the Krumme Lanke neighborhood of Berlin.  The report states that Husseini was a believer in a Pan-Arab state and that his closest ties were with the SSThe CIA file on al-Husseini indicated that he had a staff of 20–30 men in Berlin and from spring 1943 to spring 1944, al-Husseini was paid 50,000 marks monthly [JRofC note: 600,000 marks per year] for operational expenses and in addition received living expenses averaging 80,000 marks per month [JRofC note: 960,000 marks per year].  A German field marshal received a base salary of 26,500 marks per year. [JRofC note: al-Husseini was paid 1,560,000 marks per year by the Nazis]

[from pg 19 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow, source: Norman J.W. Goda, “Black Marks: Hitler’s Bribery of His Senior Military Officers,” Journal of Modern History, v. 72, n. 2 (June 2000): 413–52.]

Of great significance and supporting what Hitler said to Husseini when they met, Rekowski learned through conversations with other Foreign Office officials that Nazi authorities planned to use Husseini to control Palestine after Germany conquered them. 

[from pg 20 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Herf, Nazi Propaganda, 200.]

The Mufti – Nazi SS recruiter in Croatia

 

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The report states that in the fall of 1943 Husseini went to the Independent State of Croatia, a Nazi ally, to recruit Muslims for the Waffen-SS. During that trip he told the troops of the newly formed Bosnian-Muslim 13th Mountain Waffen-SS division that the entire Muslim world ought to follow their example. Husseini also organized a 1944 mission for Palestinian Arabs and Germans to carry out sabotage and propaganda after German planes dropped them into Palestine by parachute. In discussions with the Foreign Intelligence branch of the RSHA, Husseini insisted that the Arabs take command after they landed and direct their fight against the Jews of Palestine, not the British authorities.

[from pg 20 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Herf, Nazi Propaganda, 200.]

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Mufti inspecting Muslim Nazi recruits
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Amin Al Husseini giving Nazi salute to Muslim Nazi recruits
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Muslim SS praying November 1943

SS- Officer Wilhelm Beisner had frequent contact with Husseini during the war and told Rekowski that Husseini had good ties with Heinrich Himmler and with Waffen-SS Gen. Gottlob Berger, who handled the recruitment of non-German forces into the Waffen-SS.

The Mufti and Heinrich Himmler

For those that do not know who Heinrich Himmler is, let us provide a brief background.

Heinrich Himmler was head of the Gestapo and the head of the Waffen-SS,  under which al-Husseini recruited Muslim fighters.  Himmler was also the main architect and organizer of the mass murder of Jews in the Third Reich.  In 1933, Himmler set up the first concentration camp in Dachau and with Hitler’s encouragement over the next several years, extended the range of those who ‘qualified’ for internment in concentration camps. 

From the outset of his position as Reichsfuhrer of the SS, Himmler introduced the principle of racial selection and special marriage laws which would ensure the systematic coupling of people of ‘high value’.  It was Himmler’s vision to transform the idea of racial selection from a negative concept based on anti-Semitism into a positive concept for building up the SS and forming a perfect Aryan Race.

Himmler’s vision of this perfect ‘Aryan race’ of blue-eyed, blond haired people was to be achieved by literally ‘cultivating them’ based on the ‘laws of selection’ and according to very specific criteria of physical characteristics as well as mental and physical abilities. Simultaneous with that, was the systematic extermination of Jews and others seen as inferior in his instrument of perfect design for such, the concentration camps.

Below are some photos of Husseini and Himmler; the first one  they are sharing a glass of wine at one of the concentration camps, looking over architectural plans for another concentration camp, presumably Auschwitz.

 

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Mufti al-Husseini and Himmler

 

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Both the SS leaders, including Hitler and Himmler had common values with Husseini.  According the documents declassified under the Nazi War Declassification Act of 1997, both stated that Nazism and Islam had common values as well as common enemies—above all, the Jews.

[from pg 20 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Document XX-8830, old pouch, November 1-26,1944, NARA, RG 263, E ZZ-18, B 58, Haj Amin alHusseini Name File, v. 1, f. 1.]


The Mufti wrote a pamphlet for the SS Handschar division, called ‘Islam i Zidovstvo’ (Islam and Judaism) which closed with a quotation from Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, a Sunni Islam Hadith which states:

“The Day of Judgement will come, when the Muslims will crush the Jews completely: And when every tree behind which a Jew hides will say: ‘There is a Jew behind me, Kill him!.

Muslim-soliers-of-Handschar-Waffen-SS-reading-Islam-and-Judaism-300x209
Muslim soliers of Handschar Waffen SS reading Islam and Judaism

As well, on 1 March 1944 while speaking on Radio Berlin, al-Husseini said:

‘Arabs, rise as one man and fight for your sacred rights. Kill the Jews wherever you find them. This pleases God, history, and religion. This saves your honor. God is with you.

Husseini after the War

According to the report, right after the war ended a group of Palestinian-Arab soldiers in the British Army who were stationed in Lebanon had staged anti-French demonstrations. They carried around a large picture of Husseini and declared him to be the
sword of the faith.”

According to one source considered reliable by the American intelligence organization known as the Strategic Services Unit (SSU), British officials objected to French plans to prosecute Husseini, fearing that this would cause political unrest in Palestine.

[from pg 21 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Gensicke, Der Mufti von Jerusalem und die Nationalsozialisten, 148. Burrell to Blum, March 7, 1946, NARA, RG 263, E ZZ-18, B 58, Haj Amin al-Husseini Name File, v. 1, f. 1. 22 Floyd A. Spencer, Asst. Military Attaché, Cairo Report, Background of Plan]

In October 1945, British head of Palestine’s Criminal Investigation Division Arthur Giles (who used the title Bey) told the assistant American military attaché in Cairo that the Mufti might be the only person who could unite the Palestine Arabs and “cool off the Zionists”.

[from pg 21 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Floyd A. Spencer, Asst. Military Attaché, Cairo Report, Background of Plan to Return … Husseini to Middle East, June 21, 1946, NARA, RG 165, Army G-2 3161.0503, MIS 279421.]

The report documents that after the war, Husseini was held in Paris when ” Palestinian Arab leaders” and “various Muslim extremists” agitated to bring him back to the Middle East“.  As prospects for a peaceful settlement in the British Mandate for Palestine declined, a delegate of the Palestine Higher Arab Committee went to Paris in June 1946 and told Husseini to get ready to escape France.

[from pg 22 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Floyd A. Spencer, Asst. Military Attaché, Cairo Report, Background of Plan to Return … Husseini to Middle East, June 21, 1946, NARA, RG 165, Army G-2 3161.0503, MIS 279421.]

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Amin Al Husseini, 1946 with founder Muslim Brotherhood Hassan al-Banna

Arab leaders from Morocco and Algeria worked out the details of Husseini’s escape. According to the report, the French government learned of the plan but chose not to intervene in order to avoid offending the Arabs of North Africa.

Husseini flew to Syria, then went via Aleppo and Beirut to Alexandria, Egypt.

[from pg 22 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: The Escape of the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, August 2, 1946, NARA, RG 263, Grumbach Series 12]

Husseini denies Nazi-connection; blames Jews for spreading slander

According to the report, in 1947 Husseini denied that he had worked for the Nazis during the war. It is documented that Husseini told one acquaintance that he hoped soon to have documentary evidence “rebutting this slander, which the Jews were spreading.”  Husseini said that he had been forced to take refuge in Germany simply because British wanted to capture him.

[from pg 22 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Palestine: Views of Mufti: Desire for British Neutrality. Remarks of the Mufti to an experienced Arab source, May 14, 1947, and Reuters article of March 4, 1961, NARA, RG 263, E ZZ-18, B 58, Haj Amin al-Husseini Name File, v. 1, f. 1 and v. 2, f. 1.

While physically absent from British Mandated Palestine, al-Husseini continued to exert a great deal of influence from exile and backed by Muslim Brotherhood and other Arab states, the Arabs rejected the UN Partition Plan for Palestine with the intention of preventing the establishment of a Jewish state, no matter how small.

In the early 1950’s, a blend of Nazi ideology and Muslim-based hatred of Jews, inspired by the preaching of Muslim Brotherhood founder Hassan al-Banna and Haj Amin al-Husseini began to grow in influence.  In Part 2 of this article, we will cover the link between al-Husseini and the Muslim Brotherhood and its direct impact on the brand of radical Islam we see today.

Here is a small taste:

Below is a photograph showing Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization at Husseini’s funeral, in 1974.

[Note: Arafat was born in Cairo, Egypt. His father (Abdel Raouf al-Qudwa al-Husseini) was from Gaza City but his father’s mother, Yasser’s paternal grandmother, was Egyptian.  Arafat’s mother (Zahwa Abul Saud) was from a Jerusalem-based family.]

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Yasser Arafat, funeral Amin Al Husseini

According to Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann’s deputy Dieter Wisliceny (subsequently executed as a war criminal), al-Husseini’s influence was critical to the German decision to annihilate the Jews of Europe.

As Wisliceny testified at the Nuremberg Trials in July 1946:

The Mufti was one of the initiators of the systematic extermination of European Jewry and had been a collaborator and adviser of Eichmann and Himmler in the execution of this plan… He was one of Eichmann’s best friends and had constantly incited him to accelerate the extermination measures. I heard him say, accompanied by Eichmann, he had visited incognito the gas chambers of Auschwitz.”

[source: https://training.ehri-project.eu/d07-testimony-dieter-wisliceny-during-nuremberg-trial-3rd-january-1946-about-eichmann-and-order]


In addition to al-Husseini’s tie to the Nazis and the Middle East, the report exposes another; that of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser.

Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser’s link to the Nazis

In 1956, Gamal Abdel Nasser lead a revolution in Egypt and became its second president however it was not known until very recently that along with Husseini, Nasser worked for the Nazis during war.

The document below, declassified under the 1998 Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act and contained in the report (pg 23) provides the evidence that Gamal Abdel Nasser (called Jamal Nasir in one document and Gamal Nasir in another) had worked for the Germans during the war.

Furthermore, this document shows that both al-Husseini and Abdel Nasser reported to SS Officer Wilhelm Beisner during WWII.

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Husseini and Gamal Abdel Nasr of Cairo, Egypt on Nazi chart
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Husseini with Abdel Nasser Egyptian President

According to the report, Wilhelm Beisner spent the last part of the war in Italy, where American forces apparently captured him but Beisner escaped from American internment with French help and went to work for French intelligence in Austria.

[from pg 25 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Nachrichtenagent Willi Beissner, May 9, 1950, both in NARA, RG 263, E ZZ-18, B 10, Friedrich Beissner Name File

In late 1950 an Austrian official who located Beisner in Munich reported that Beisner had a business enterprise in Munich named Omnia that probably served as cover for French intelligence activities.

[from pg 25 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Chief of Station Vienna to Chief of Station Karlsruhe, December 8, 1950, and Chief of Station Karlsruhe to Chief of Station Vienna, December 29, 1950, and January 8, 1951, NARA, RG 263, E ZZ-18, B 10, Friedrich Beissner Name File]

According to the report, West German intelligence in March 1952 indicated that Beisner had been involved in black-market arms transactions among Switzerland, Spain, and France and that discovery of these activities forced him to go to Cairo, where he allegedly continued to work for the French and enjoyed good connections with the Americans.

The report goes on to say that Beisner seemed to have been active in purchasing arms for the Egyptian government. prior to Gamal Abdel Nasser taking power.

[from pg 26 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Beissner, Willi, Egypt, April 4, 1952, and CS-7845, April 30, 1953, NARA, RG 263, E ZZ-18, B 10, Friedrich Beissner Name File.]

A CIA document indicated that Wilhelm Beisner arrived in Cairo on July 21, 1951.

[from pg 26 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Pull 6790, IN 48795, February 19, 1957, NARA, RG 263, E ZZ-18, B 10, Friedrich Beissner Name File.]

So now we have al-Husseini living in Egypt just before his old buddy, Gamal Abdel Nasser led a revolution to become the second president of Egypt in 1956.

The Muslim-Nazi link becomes even stronger…

Egypt’s new President Gamal Abdel Nasser established an intelligence organization under Zakaria Mohieddin who chose Beisner’s former RSHA comrade Joachim Deumling as his intelligence adviser.

[from pg 26 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: Central Registry, 66th CIC Group, June 30, 1959, NARA, RG 319, IRR Deumling, Joachim, XE 017494]

Shortly after, Beisner suddenly decided to leave West Germany for….you guessed it… Egypt and traveled secretly to avoid attracting British attention.

[from pg 26 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source:  JX 5911, undated, and JX-6019, July 7, 1954, NARA, RG 263, E ZZ-18, B 23, Joachim Deumling Name File.]

According to the report, in February 1958 Franz Rademacher, a former Nazi living in Damascus under a pseudonym told a  CIA source in Syria that Gamal Abdel Nasser had worked for the Germans during the war and that Beisner had served as Nasser’s liaison and that Nasser and Beisner were still close.

[from pg 26 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”, source: IN-39568, March 6, 1958, DAMA, March 7, 1958, and 1961 chart of Beisner’s connections, NARA, RG 263, E ZZ-18, B 10, Friedrich Beissner Name File. ]

According to the report, Beisner who played an important role in the systematic killing of millions of Jews under the Nazis, as well as a number of other former SS (Rademacher, Brunner, Deumling ) and police officials had not only found haven in –, but postwar employment in the Middle East. 

It is from the safe shelter of the Middle East, that these former Nazis were able to carry on and transmit to others Nazi racial-ideological anti-Semitism .

[from pg 28 of the report “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi War Criminals, US Intelligence and the Cold War”]

Al-Husseini died in Egypt in 1974.

The section of the report dealing with the Middle East closes with the statement

Perhaps one day the opening of archives in Middle Eastern countries will allow further insight into how far their (Nazi) influence went.”

 


Source: Breitman, R., Goda, N. J. W., & United States. (2010). Hitler’s shadow: Nazi war criminals, U.S. intelligence, and the Cold War. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration

 

 

 

The Mufti and the Fuhrer – background to Nazi Influence in the Middle East

Meeting between Adolf Hitler and the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini on November 28, 1941 at the Reich Chancellory in Berlin

For years, Germany has taken responsibility for the Nazi role in the Holocaust, but what about the Palestinian role – specifically the role of Haj Amin al-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem; spiritual leader of the British Mandate for Palestine’s Arab Muslims?

Background – Who is Haj Amin al-Husseini, Grand Mufti of Jerusalem?

Haj Amin al-Husseini also known as Mohammed (Effendi) Amin al-Husseini was appointed Grand Mufti of Jerusalem in 1921 by the British under the Mandate for Palestine.  He used the position to promote Islam, push for Arab independence and oppose the establishment of a Jewish national home in the British Mandate for Palestine. Al-Husseini’s opposition to the British reached its peak during the 1936–39 Arab revolt in British Palestine and in 1937, evading an arrest warrant, al-Husseini fled British Palestine and took refuge in the French Mandate of Lebanon and then the British Mandate of Iraq. 

On meeting Adolf Hitler on November 28, 1941 in Berlin,  al-Husseini requested backing for Arab independence and support in opposing the establishment of a Jewish national home in the British Mandate for Palestine.

Below are the actual German records of the meeting between al-Husseini and Hitler, as well as the complete transcript.


Meeting between Adolf Hitler and the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini on November 28, 1941 at the Reich Chancellory in Berlin

Source: Documents on German Foreign Policy 1918-1945, Series D, Vol XIII, pp 881-885 (London, 1964)

A transcript appears directly below each page. [Source: Time of Israel, Full Official Record What the Mufti said to Hitler, October 21, 2015]


1. Analytical List of Documents – pg XLVIII

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Analytical List of Documents – pg XLVIII

November 30, 1941 Document 515, Page 881

Memorandum by an Official of the Foreign Minister’s Secretariat  Record of the conversation between Hitler and the Grand Mufti on     November 28.  Hitler promised to announce the hour of Arab liberation once the German armies stood south of the Caucasus but suggested that the declaration requested by the Mufti be put off for a few months.

2. No. 515, Page 881

November 1941

 Memorandum by an Official of the Foreign Minister’s Secretariat

Fuh.57a g Rs                                                   Berlin, November 30, 1941

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Documents on German Foreign Policy – pg 881

(transcript p 881)

The Grand Mufti began by thanking the Fuhrer for the great honor he had bestowed by receiving him. He wished to seize the opportunity to convey to the Fuhrer of the Greater German Reich, admired by the entire Arab world, his thanks of the sympathy which he had always shown for the Arab and especially the Palestinian cause, and to which he had given clear expression in his public speeches.

The Arab countries were firmly convinced that Germany would win the war and that the Arab cause would then prosper. The Arabs were Germany’s natural friends because they had the same enemies as had Germany, namely the English, the Jews and the Communists. Therefore they were prepared to cooperate with Germany with all their hearts and stood ready to participate in the war, not only negatively by the commission of acts of sabotage and the instigation of revolutions, but also positively by the formation of an Arab Legion.

The Arabs could be more useful to Germany as allies than might be apparent at first glance, both for geographical reasons and because of the suffering inflicted upon them by the English and the Jews. Furthermore, they had had close relations with all Muslim nations, of which they could make use in behalf of the common cause. The Arab Legion would be quite easy to raise. An appeal by the Mufti to the Arab countries and the prisoners of Arab, Algerian, Tunisian and Moroccan nationality in Germany would produce a great number of volunteers eager to fight. Of Germany’s victory the Arab world was firmly convinced, not only because the Reich possessed a large army, brave soldiers and military leaders of genius, but also because the Almighty could never award the victory to an unjust cause.

‘The Arabs could be more useful to Germany as allies than might be apparent at first glance, both for geographical reasons and because of the suffering inflicted upon them by the English and the Jews’
In this struggle, the Arabs were striving for the independence and unity of Palestine, Syria and Iraq. They had the fullest confidence

3.  Page 882      Documents on German Foreign Policy

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Documents on German Foreign Policy 882

(transcript pg 882)

in the Fuhrer and looked to his hand for the balm on their wounds, which had been inflicted upon them by the enemies of Germany.

The Mufti then mentioned the letter he had received from Germany, which stated that Germany was holding no Arab territories and understood and recognized the aspirations to independence and freedom of the Arabs, just as she supported the elimination of the Jewish national home.

A public declaration in this sense would be very useful for its propagandistic effect on the Arab peoples at this moment. It would rouse the Arabs from their momentary lethargy and give them new courage. It would also ease the Mufti’s work of secretly organizing the Arabs against the moment when they could strike. At the same time, he could give the assurance that the Arabs would in strict discipline patiently wait for the right moment and only strike upon an order from Berlin.

With regard to the events in Iraq, the Mufti observed that the Arabs in that country certainly had by no means been incited by Germany to attack England, but solely had acted in reaction to a direct English assault upon their honor.

The Turks, he believed, would welcome the establishment of an Arab government in the neighboring territories because they would prefer weaker Arab to strong European governments in the neighboring countries and, being themselves a nations of 7 million, they had moreover nothing to fear from the 1,700,000 Arabs inhabiting Syria, Transjordan, Iraq and Palestine.

France likewise would have no objections to the unification plan because it had conceded independence to Syria as early as 1936 and had given her approval to the unification of Iraq and Syria under King Faisal as early as 1933.

In these circumstances he was renewing his request that the Fuhrer make a public declaration so that the Arabs would not lose hope, which is so powerful a force in the life of nations. With such hope in their hearts the Arabs, as he had said, were willing to wait. They were not pressing for immediate realization for their aspirations; they could easily wait half a year or a whole year. But if they were not inspired with such a hope by a declaration of this sort, it could be expected that the English would be the gainers from it.

The Fuhrer replied that Germany’s fundamental attitude on these questions, as the Mufti himself had already stated, was clear. Germany stood for uncompromising war against the Jews. That naturally included active opposition to the Jewish national home in Palestine,

4.  Page 883     November 1941

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Documents on German Foreign Policy – pg 883

(transcript of pg 883)

which was nothing other than a center, in the form of a state, for the exercise of destructive influence by Jewish interests. Germany was also aware that the assertion that the Jews were carrying out the functions of economic pioneers in Palestine was a lie. The work there was done only by the Arabs, not by the Jews. Germany was resolved, step by step, to ask one European nation after the other to solve its Jewish problem, and at the proper time to direct a similar appeal to non-European nations as well.

Germany was at the present time engaged in a life and death struggle with two citadels of Jewish power: Great Britain and Soviet Russia. Theoretically there was a difference between England’s capitalism and Soviet Russia’s communism; actually, however, the Jews in both countries were pursuing a common goal. This was the decisive struggle; on the political plane, it presented itself in the main as a conflict between Germany and England, but ideologically it was a battle between National Socialism and the Jews. It went without saying that Germany would furnish positive and practical aid to the Arabs involved in the same struggle, because platonic promises were useless in a war for survival or destruction in which the Jews were able to mobilize all of England’s power for their ends.

‘Germany was resolved, step by step, to ask one European nation after the other to solve its Jewish problem, and at the proper time to direct a similar appeal to non-European nations as well’

The aid to the Arabs would have to be material aid. Of how little help sympathies alone were in such a battle had been demonstrated plainly by the operation in Iraq, where circumstances had not permitted the rendering of really effective, practical aid. In spite of all the sympathies, German aid had not been sufficient and Iraq was overcome by the power of Britain, that is, the guardian of the Jews.

The Mufti could not but be aware, however, that the outcome of the struggle going on at present would also decide the fate of the Arab world. The Fuhrer therefore had to think and speak coolly and deliberately, as a rational man and primarily as a soldier, as the leader of the German and allied armies. Everything of a nature to help in this titanic battle for the common cause, and thus also for the Arabs, would have to be done. Anything however, that might contribute to weakening the military situation must be put aside, no matter how unpopular this move might be.

Germany was now engaged in very severe battles to force the gateway to the northern Caucasus region. The difficulties were mainly with regard to maintaining the supply, which was most difficult as a result of the destruction of railroads and highways as well as the oncoming winter. If at such a moment, the Fuhrer were to raise the problem of Syria in a declaration, those elements in France which were under de Gaulle’s influence would receive new strength. They would interpret the Fuhrer’s declaration as an intention to break up France’s colonial empire and appeal to their fellow countrymen that

5.  Page 884      Documents on German Foreign Policy

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they should rather make common cause with the English to try to save what still could be saved. A German declaration regarding Syria would in France be understood to refer to the French colonies in general, and that would at the present time create new troubles in western Europe, which means that a portion of the German armed forces would be immobilized in the west and no longer be available for the campaign in the east.

The Fuhrer then made the following statement to the Mufti, enjoining him to lock it in the uttermost depths of his heart:

1. He (the Fuhrer) would carry on the battle to the total destruction of the Judeo-Communist empire in Europe.
2. At some moment which was impossible to set exactly today but which in any event was not distant, the German armies would in the course of this struggle reach the southern exit from Caucasia.
3. As soon as this had happened, the Fuhrer would on his own give the Arab world the assurance that its hour of liberation had arrived. Germany’s objective would then be solely the destruction of the Jewish element residing in the Arab sphere under the protection of British power. In that hour the Mufti would be the most authoritative spokesman for the Arab world. It would then be his task to set off the Arab operations, which he had secretly prepared. When that time had come, Germany could also be indifferent to French reaction to such a declaration.

Once Germany had forced open the road to Iran and Iraq through Rostov; it would be also the beginning of the end of the British World Empire. He (the Fuhrer) hoped that the coming year would make it possible for Germany to thrust open the Caucasian gate to the Middle East. For the good of their common cause, it would be better if the Arab proclamation were put off for a few more months than if Germany were to create difficulties for herself without being able thereby to help the Arabs.

He (the Fuhrer) fully appreciated the eagerness of the Arabs for a public declaration of the sort requested by the Grand Mufti. But he would beg him to consider that he (the Fuhrer) himself was the Chief of State of the German Reich for five long years during which he was unable to make to his own homeland the announcement of its liberation. He had to wait with that until the announcement could be made on the basis of a situation brought about by the force of arms that the Anschluss had been carried out.

The moment that Germany’s tank divisions and air squadrons had made their appearance south of the Caucasus, the public appeal requested by the Grand Mufti could go out to the Arab world.

The Grand Mufti replied that it was his view that everything would come to pass just as the Fuhrer had indicated. He was fully reassured and satisfied by the words which he had heard form the Chief of the German State. He asked, however, whether it would not be

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(transcript of pg 885)

possible, secretly at least, to enter into an agreement with Germany of the kind he had just outlined for the Fuhrer.

The Fuhrer replied that he had just now given the Grand Mufti precisely that confidential declaration.

The Grand Mufti thanked him for it and stated in conclusion that he was taking his leave from the Fuhrer in full confidence and with reiterated thanks for the interest shown in the Arab cause.


It is said that Grand Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini’s mixture of Nazi propaganda, Islam and Arab nationalism served an inspiration for Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization from 1969 until his death in 2004.

The chief goal of the Palestinians leadership now, under Mahmoud Abbas is the same as what it was under Yasser Arafat and what it was under Grand Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini.

They do not want a ‘two-state’ solution – they want the final solution.

The Palestinian goal is now what is always has been — the establishment of an independent Arab state in ALL the land that once belonged to the British Mandate for Palestine and the complete eradication of the Jewish national homeland, Israel.

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Hitler Youth in Palestine

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Nazi symbol (right) – Palestinian symbol (left)